After the Civil War, Sierra Leone implemented a number of policies and programmes to curb the causes of the conflict. In this regard, the Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) Government of H.E. Ahmed Tejan Kabbah introduced the Local Government Act 2004 to address both internal and external pressure for inclusive governance, reverse the conditions that generated the country’s civil war and enhance the delivery of basic services.
While the Act was also an attempt by the Government “to reconfigure political institutions in a way that reduced the urban-central bias and the potential for a return to the pre-war political economy, which tended to benefit the APC more than the SLPP”107, and to enhance political support for the SLPP, it provided a strong basis for the establishment of decentralisation through devolution of key functions from the Central Government to the Local Councils and through inter-governmental transfers. The Act was intended to expand the political space by bringing the Government closer to the people. Therefore, a major goal of the decentralisation system was to ensure that the local people and their communities were empowered and fully involved in political and socio-economic development processes by actually formulating and implementing development plans themselves.